S&TA Letter Published in The Daily Telegraph

Sir – Neil Collins makes valid points about the use of drift nets round the coast of Ireland for catching salmon (Opinion, Aug 5). The Irish drift nets are a deplorable way to manage an Atlantic salmon stock destined for rivers throughout Europe

Sir – Neil Collins makes valid points about the use of drift nets round the coast of Ireland for catching salmon
(Opinion, Aug 5). The Irish drift nets are a deplorable way to manage an Atlantic salmon stock destined for rivers
throughout Europe, especially since salmon are designated a threatened species under the European habitats directive.

As such, salmon are protected in rivers classified special areas of conservation, but the fish must still run
this drift net gauntlet before gaining that protection. Once a salmon has reached its natal river, its
socio-economic value as a game fish is at least 22 times that of its netted cousin and, if caught by an
angler in Britain, it has a 50 per cent chance of being returned to the water to spawn, while all netted
fish die. This is especially topical now that the Irish government is declaring a compulsory catch-and-release
policy for Irish rivers this September.

Defra contributed £1.25 million to the recent voluntary buy-out of the majority of the North-East England
drift net fishery licences. If the Irish act now to facilitate a similar buy-out of their fishery, with
compensation paid to netsmen, then 160,000 salmon will be spared each year to run Irish, English, Scottish
and European rivers, and so boost the social, economic and conservation status of this wonderful migratory fish.

Paul Knight Director, Salmon & Trout Association, London EC4

Water and Sewage companies are country’s top polluters:

The day after newspapers reported untreated sewage killing
tens of thousands of fish on the Thames, Ofwat proudly announced
it was intending to raise water prices by just 13%

The day after newspapers reported untreated sewage killing tens of thousands of fish on the Thames,
Ofwat proudly announced it was intending to raise water prices by just 13% over the next five years.
Watervoice, the Ofwat funded consumer group, called the increase “far better than we had expected… or feared.”

“These congratulatory notes show how out of touch Ofwat and Watervoice are, when the water industry is
consistently a top polluter in the country,” says Paul Knight, Executive Director of the Salmon & Trout

“Ofwat’s water and sewerage charge increases are billions less than the amount needed by water
companies to simply maintain existing services to provide safe and hygienic water delivery and sewage
disposal, and to prevent them from poisoning our aquatic ecosystems. If the water companies do not get
the capital they need granted to them by Ofwat, then they can’t undertake the necessary projects to get
the systems working properly.”

“Ofwat has unrealistically justified that much of the required work can be carried out by the companies
improving their efficiency.”

“Throughout the country small and large rivers receive sewage through combined sewage and storm water
overflows. Despite vocal opposition, nothing gets done. For example, just yesterday, an angler reported
dead trout, bullheads and eels in a tributary of the River Loughor in Ammanford, Carmarthenshire.
The Environment Agency believes the kill is due to a sewage-related pollutant.”

It could take four years for the Thames to recover from this week’s toxic spill – providing there isn’t
another extreme sewage overflow. Unless the interceptor tunnel is built, untreated sewage and urban runoff
will still enter the Thames 50-60 times a year.

“Unless there is serious commitment in this country to protect our waterways from inefficiently treated
sewage, excessive water abstraction, diffuse pollution and urban run-off, the very issues the rise in
prices was destined in part to tackle, then the aquatic environment will continue to suffer.”

“More dead fish will be the visible result of decaying sewerage systems and the supply of unrealistically
priced water services, and the blame will be put firmly at the door of those who seem to be interested only
in the price of water to consumers, but little in the state of our rivers and lakes, or the wildlife
dependent on their ecosystems, ” Paul Knight concludes.


S&TA represents fisheries interests on the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Stakeholders’ Group on the current round of consultations over water price increases in the next five years.

Currently, there are 120 days in the year (33% of the time) where participating in watersports on the tidal
Thames is not advised due to risk of illness because of sewage and related debris.

Thames Fish Kill Tragedy as Problems Continue with London’s Sewage System

While Londoners have heard that the Thames is cleaner, many
are still hesitant to go and join the fish for a swim, and quite rightly so,
as just last night thousands of fish died

While Londoners have heard that the Thames is cleaner, many are still hesitant to go and join
the fish for a swim, and quite rightly so, as just last night thousands of fish died.
The Environment Agency reports that yesterday’s storm caused the death of thousands of adult
fish and young fry when more than 600,000 tonnes of untreated sewage and urban run-off (storm sewage)
overflowed into the River Thames.

Every year, approximately 18 million gallons of untreated sewage combined with urban run-off overflows
into the tidal Thames. The capacity of the Victorian built system can no longer cope with rainfall of
2 mm/hr over a few hours – normal London weather conditions. That means 50-60 times a year, everything
flushed down a toilet above the inadequate capacity of these old sewers spills into the Thames through big
overflow outlets along the river’s embankments – 36 of these causing gross concern.

London, billed as a ‘world class city’, still uses its river as a sewer, with papers, faecal matter, condoms,
tampons and other unsightly items floating past the Houses of Parliament on a weekly basis. This storm sewage
harms fish, like the struggling salmon, by depleting the oxygen available to them in the water down to as low
as 10% in the summer. When thousands of adult fish and young fry are dead and floating at the river’s surface,
as they are today at Kew, Brentford and Isleworth, there is a clear cause for environmental and health concern
and need for Ofwat, the water systems economic regulator, to implement a solution to storm discharges.

Additionally, in our view these storm sewer discharges are a violation of the legally binding Urban Waste
Water Treatment Directive. Weekly discharges of up to 10,000 tonnes of storm sewage 50-60 times a year is
not what the Directive would call “an acceptable number of overflows”, nor is it “an unusual situation”.
These are discharges that legally require secondary treatment at the very least.

An underground sewage storage tunnel has been found to be the best and most cost-beneficial solution available
to upgrade London’s unique and complex Victorian system according to the three-year Thames Water funded study
conducted by the Thames Tideway Strategic Study group. To ‘do nothing’ is not an option as the environmental,
health and safety, and legal obligations require action. Londoners support spending the required money to
improve their water system*.

On Friday, August 5th the Salmon & Trout Association will be looking to see if Ofwat includes the cost of
the tunnel in Thames Water’s draft business plan for the next 5 years. If the tunnel is not included, it
suggests pressure from key government ministers are behind a significant delay to an urgent problem.
While ‘further studies’ may be the official reason, we suspect a relatively small additional £6 increase
to the water bill before a general election might be considered politically damaging. However, a recent
Environment Agency study revealed that Thames Region residents would be prepared to pay £12 million to
see a sustainable run of salmon on their river. So, we think some politicians have got it wrong.

Paul Knight, Executive Director of the Salmon & Trout Association, says, “allowing large amounts of raw
sewage and urban run-off to overflow into the Thames cannot be allowed to continue. Delays, weakly
rationalised by a call for further studies on a stretch of a metropolitan river that has already,
conceivably, had a greater range and scope of studies than any other, are unnecessary. The studies
will simply tweak the agreed plan. Let’s get on with it and allow the Thames to be as full of life
as nature intended.”

*Market research commissioned jointly by a stakeholder group published in December 2003 showed
that in relation to the environment, nationally 87% of bill payers believe it is important to
maintain current services; and over 70% believe it is important to improve services. The stakeholder
group comprised officials from Defra, Welsh Assembly Government, Ofwat, WaterVoice, the
Environment Agency, English Nature, the Drinking Water Inspectorate, Water UK and the Wildlife
and Countryside Link.

S&TA Only Angling Body to Join Government Review of Water Price Increase

Defra has invited the Salmon & Trout Association to join the RIA
(Regulatory Impact Assessment) Stakeholders’ Group

Defra has invited the Salmon & Trout Association to join the RIA (Regulatory Impact Assessment)
Stakeholders’ Group in its wide-ranging review of water prices and resources allocation.
The S&TA, as a leading member of the Moran Committee, is the only body representing angling
and fishery interests within this influential and opinion-forming Group.

“Fish are the obvious litmus test to the health of a catchment and for at least a hundred and
fifty years angling has funded fishery managers to maintain and improve aquatic ecosystems.
The sport has a long and honourable history of water conservation,” declares Paul Knight, S&TA Director.

What price water? The bulk of the 31% price increase Ofwat proposes is for relaying worn out water mains
and sewers whose principal purpose is to ensure a safe and reliable water supply to the public and take away
their drainage in a reliable and hygienic manner, and avoid damaging and unhygienic flooding. Certainly such
work also improves the aquatic environment, but that is not its prime purpose. In other words, only a small
part of the price increase is for environmental improvement per se and much of that is the cost of complying
with the EU’s Directives, which have to be met.

Nobody wants to pay more – especially for a natural resource of which the UK appears to have an
abundant supply. But Paul Knight is confident that the public are prepared to pay for schemes
that genuinely benefit the aquatic environment, and it is his intention to present compelling reasons
to the Group as to why this increase is so essential. “It is our conviction that water prices have
been kept artificially low for far too long and thus endangered the whole of the UK’s aquatic eco-systems.”

He adds: “The four horsemen of the aquatic apocalypse are water abstraction, endocrine disrupters caused by
inefficiently treated sewerage, diffuse pollution and urban run-off. Each of these is a threat to the health of
the country’s water; together they pose a mortal danger to the well-being of our river and stillwater environments.”

Paul Knight points to the alarming new research identifying sex changing freshwater fish as a result of
hormone discharge that has not been effectively treated as just one result of neglect of our aquatic
environment. “Investigation into how endocrine disrupters can be stripped from discharges is a matter
of considerable urgency and should not be delayed through arguments as to who funds this,” he stresses.

He welcomes Defra’s forward-looking action in including angling and fishery interests in this Review.
“Human interference threatens our fisheries,” he says. “Some – such as acid rain and global warming –
are outside the Review’s remit. But this is a huge step forward in the adoption of a holistic approach
in creating a healthy aquatic environment enjoyed by all. As the premier organisation representing
angling interests in this country, we shall play a full part in this Stakeholders’ consultation.”

S&TA discusses Fish Stocking controversy with Heads of EA Fisheries

S&TA discussed with top Environment Agency (EA) staff the Association’s
serious concerns that the EA’s implementation of the Trout & Grayling Strategy

Paul Knight, Director of S&TA, met with Dr Dafydd Evans, Head of the Environment Agency’s Fisheries
Department and Dr Guy Mawle, EA Fisheries Strategist) on the banks of the River Test.

The problem is that the EA has given whole river systems the “Native” trout waters designation without
local consultation. According to the EA Trout & Grayling Strategy, that classification could restrict
stocking, even in areas that had been stocked previously. In the consultation for this Strategy, S&TA
raised concerns that limiting stocking would reduce the number of fish available, and thus reduce the
fishing opportunities available to people. We would be back to the days when river fishing was accessible
to only the wealthy elite with the right connections.

However, at this meeting, a resolution on the stocking issue was reached. Dafydd Evans and Guy Mawle
explained they don’t intent to impose ‘no stocking’ regulations over ‘Native’ fisheries. Additionally,
they will continue to allow stocking in all areas not in Wild Fisheries Protection Zones.
The Wild Fisheries Protection Zones would be designated after close consultation with local
fisheries interests.

The S&TA is happy to hear this, as the T&G Strategy’s aims to maximise socio economic
benefits from trout fishing something the S&TA wholeheartedly supports. It would thus be
inconsistent to have a cutback in stocking consents.

An additional concern the S&TA had is that the EA would only allow triploid stocking.
‘Triploids’ are a specially breed infertile fish, and there are concerns they are ill-suited
to survive in rain-fed river systems. Additionally, if fishery managers wanted to buy triploids,
they wouldn’t be able to as fish farmers need a three year lead in to grow these fish.
Fortunately, while the EA wants to move in that direction they are undertaking research
on the topic and will wait to make a long-term decision until 2006.

Also, the S&TA wishes the EA to work with organisations and universities outside the
Agency that are conducting research (with funding support from the S&TA Trust among others)
to research the impact of stocked fish on wild fish. An agreement was reached with the EA
that this research should be co-ordinated and monitored over the next two years so that maximum
acceptable (to EA) data was available in 2006 to make scientifically informed decisions over the
delivery of the T&G Strategy with regards to triploid stocking and stocking.

The EA’s aim is to help self-sustaining populations of trout to prosper, but to find the best
way to use supportive stocking so that process is encouraged whilst still maximising benefits
from trout angling.

S&TA is happier now about the Strategy’s delivery, now that continued access to most trout
fishing is assured, and that science and local consultation will play a major role in future trout management.

Many Thanks to Jim Glasspool of the Test & Itchen Association and NAFAC, who played a key role in the meeting.

To read more on the Trout & Grayling Strategy go
Here, and read the Strategy available on the
Environment Agency Website

Open Letter to the Green Party

The Salmon & Trout Association is disappointed to learn that
the Green Party representing England and Wales declares itself opposed to angling

Chair of Executive
Hugo Charltonv

Green Party
1a Waterlow Road,
London N19 5NJ

Dear Mr Charlton,

The Salmon & Trout Association is disappointed to learn that the Green Party representing England
and Wales declares itself opposed to angling, and “will promote the voluntary cessation of the
sport through public education” (Policy AR412). We write to urge the Green Party to develop
supportive positions towards angling, and recognize its immense environmental, economic and social

While the Party’s positions don’t directly affect the over 4 million anglers in England and Wales
who voluntarily chose to fish recreationally, it does concern us the Green Party doesn’t recognise
anglers are a potential green constituency, who care for more than attractive scenery.We work for
healthy functioning aquatic ecosystems – inland and marine.No other water sport has the same history
and concern for a healthy aquatic environment.

Over 4 million anglers contribute £3.5 billion per annum into the national economy (IUCN 2003).
An additional 4 million people would like to try angling. Additionally, anglers directly contribute
£19.5 million per annum towards environmental enhancement and fisheries management through rod licences
sales in England and Wales. 21% of 12-16 year olds have been fishing. Another 20% would like to try
fishing. Angling is not a minority sport.It is arguably the sport with the highest participation rate
in the country (EA 2003).Angling extends the tourism season into the spring and autumn sustaining rural
and remote communities with little opportunity for alternative income (IUCN 2003)

Presently, anglers are leading the fight to reverse the environmental degradation caused by excessive
water abstraction and diffuse pollution from intensive agriculture. Our work benefits all water-dependent
wildlife. For example, the Anglers Conservation Association takes polluters to court, and the Rivers Trusts
enhance habitat in cooperation with landowners, which goes a long way to environmental gain.Anglers
are called the “eyes and ears of wildlife“ by Dr. David Bellamy and the Environment Agency.

Alongside the environmental and economic benefits of angling, are the social benefits. For example, the
police originated scheme Get Hooked on Fishing, teaches angling and the associated environmental values
to young people at risk of offending. The tremendous results show that after the youth have taken up
angling, there are zero offences, 80% reduction in truancy, and increased literacy and general educational
performance (EA 2003).

Action by the Green Party to ban lead weights in angling (AR412) is not necessary, as the use of lead
weights was banned in 1987 in England and Wales. Anglers cooperated fully, due to the known harmful
impact of lead.This support for the lead ban is in line with angling’s practice of enhancing aquatic
ecosystems for the benefit of all dependent wildlife.

While the Party’s opposition to angling was motivated by concerns that angling causes suffering to fish,
anglers recognize fish are living creatures worthy of respect and care. Our understanding gained from
the life history of fish, personal experience and authoritative and robust scientific research is that
fish have a totally different nervous system and brain than humans, and they do not feel pain as higher
mammals do (J Rose 2003).

The Salmon & Trout Association urges the Green Party to support angling and anglers, rather than devaluing
them and their contributions. Fish and fish stocks benefit tremendously from angling. It is a sport enjoyed
by millions, sustaining rural communities in harmony with the environment, and provides valuable social and
economic benefits. We are pleased that the Scottish Green Party recognises the value of recreational angling.

We urge the Green Party to change their position about angling to a supportive one, as the Party is closely
aligned with anglers in working for a healthy diverse green world.


Paul Knight


NGOs stimulate review for future of international salmon management

During its twenty first annual meeting, at Reykyavik, Iceland from June
7 to 11, the Council of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation
(NASCO) agreed to establish a working party to re-evaluate its future role

During its twenty first annual meeting, at Reykyavik, Iceland from June 7 to 11, the Council
of the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation (NASCO) agreed to establish a working
party to re-evaluate its future role in the management and conservation of wild Atlantic salmon.

This was stimulated by ‘NASCO’s Future, A Vision Statement,’ (Wilfred Carter, Bjornulf Kristiansen, Chris
Poupard, Andrew A Rosenberg), a document sponsored by the Atlantic Salmon Federation and World Wildlife
Fund, and unanimously supported by the NGOs, of which the Salmon & Trout Association is a leading member.
It set out the principle that NASCO must strengthen its mandate to address all issues affecting the survival
of Atlantic salmon, not just the regulation of high seas fisheries off Greenland and the Faroes.

At its closing session, the Council agreed to seek advice from the accredited NGOs on its future role.
This followed increased involvement by the NGOs during the conference, which included active participation
in two special sessions.

In the first, the NGOs put pressure on the Republic of Ireland to accelerate the process of ending
their mixed stock drift net fishery. In the second, the NGOs influenced the Terms of Reference for
NASCO’s working group on the ‘Next Steps for NASCO’, by ensuring their own close involvement in the process.

Paul Knight, director of S&TA, says:

This has been a good week for S&TA and the other NGOs at NASCO, one in which we achieved some genuine
influence over the future management and conservation of wild Atlantic salmon. We warmly welcome the
election of Dr Ken Whelan, well known in Irish salmon circles, as NASCO’s sixth President, and we look
forward to working closely with him, and newly-elected Vice President Arni Isaksson from Iceland, as
NASCO looks to the future.

Issues that NASCO will address in future include Survival at Sea, Mixed Stock Fisheries, Aquaculture,
Predation, Pelagic By-catch and Gyrodactylus salaris. The point was well received by the newly-appointed
President of NASCO, Dr Ken Whelan from the Republic of Ireland, that the accredited NGOs represented a
wealth of experience and expertise in salmon management, research and conservation, as well as in
recreational angling.

Chris Poupard, Chairman of the NASCO NGOs, says,

This has been a very positive Conference, and one in which the NGOs have had more influence over
proceedings than at any other time in NASCO’s history. We congratulate NASCO’s Council in agreeing
the need to readdress its future role within salmon management and conservation, and for recognising
the important role that accredited NGOs have to play in that process. We look forward to continuing
our role within an evolving NASCO, and to working closely with all Parties in the vital task of
preserving and enhancing stocks of wild Atlantic salmon throughout the northern hemisphere.

While Salmon Still Run: S&TA Calls for an End to the Irish Drift Net Fishery

At the recent NASCO (North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation)
conference, the NGO’s put forth their concerns about the Irish Republic’s Drift Net Fishery

At the recent NASCO (North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation) conference, the NGO’s put
forth their concerns about the Irish Republic’s Drift Net Fishery. In support, the Salmon & Trout
Association states it is time for the Republic of Ireland to bring a voluntary end to drift net
fishing off the coast of the Irish Republic. Compensation needs to be paid to net licensees through
public partnerships with private interests. This action will help protect seriously declining
Atlantic salmon stocks and help maintain recreational angling opportunities. While Minister Browne,
who is responsible for Irish Marine and Natural Resources, promised in a 2003 press release “to do
nothing is not an option”, little is happening.

The Irish Drift Net Fishery continues to take in over 135,000 Atlantic salmon a year.
Over the past 20 years the number of wild Atlantic salmon has halved and continues to decline
(NASCO 2004). They are listed as an endangered species by the European Union.

For the Atlantic salmon stocks to recover, the recognized international scientific body,
ICES (International Council for Exploration of the Seas) emphasises the urgent need to end
drift net fishing by Irish nets.

The UK’s Environment Agency data shows 5-10% of these salmon caught in Irish nets are destined
for rivers in southern England. Chris Poupard, Chairman of the NGO groups at NASCO and co-author
of the report “NASCO’s Future” states, “these rivers now have very low Salmon stocks with virtually
no in-river exploitation. Additionally, fish destined for the rivers of France, Germany and Spain
are also being intercepted by the Irish nets.”

All these countries are spending significant sums of money and effort on in-river restoration
programmes. These efforts are being “partially negated by the Irish drift nets” says Chris Poupard.

The Atlantic Salmon caught in commercial Irish Nets are salmon destined for rivers that are already too short
of returning spawning salmon to sustain their populations. 70% of the rivers in England and Wales have Atlantic
salmon population that are below their Conservation Limits (EA publication, Our Nations’ Fisheries 2004).

Many of these rivers have the EU conservation designation as SAC (Special Areas of Conservation), which means
the Atlantic salmon is a protected species. “The Irish may be in breach of European Directives” states Chris
Poupard, “as they continue to catch these protected and endangered fish.”

Not only is the commercial fishery harmful, it only provides a marginal socio-economic benefit when compared
with recreational angling. Paul Knight, Director of the Salmon & Trout Association explains that “The Indecon
Report of 2003 valued an Irish rod caught salmon at something over 22 times that of a netted fish, proving the
overwhelming socio-economic advantages of angling over commercial fishing.”

Ecological protection is needed. “In England, the Government recently put £1.25m into the buy-out of
the majority of NE coast drift net licenses, a fishery exploiting 36,000 salmon a year. This showed
admirable governmental responsibility, not only towards the exploitation of local fish stocks, but also
those destined for rivers in a neighbouring country; in this case, Scotland, of course. It also proved the
worth of partnerships between governments and private interests, an initiative which has proven to be equally
effective in Northern Ireland. “ This measure allows recreational angling to continue.

Paul Knight continues, “We heard that the Irish are heading towards a Total Allowable Catch for 2005 in line
with scientific advice, yet this will still maintain a drift net fishery exploiting 135,000 salmon a year,
together with a significant number of unrecorded fish stolen from nets by predators.”

“Taking into account ICES management advice to end mixed stocked fisheries, and the need to protect marginal
numbers of Salmon, together with the recent success of the NE England buy-out, the Irish Government needs to
work to bring about a voluntary cessation of drift net fishing off the coast of the Irish Republic, with
compensation paid to licensees.”

NASCO & the Future for Salmon

S&TA proposes for the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation
(NASCO) to widen its mandate and include all the issues affecting salmon
survival, both in freshwater and the marine environment

S&TA proposes for the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation
(NASCO) to widen its mandate and include all the issues affecting salmon survival, both in freshwater
and the marine environment.

The S&TA is a leading Non-Governmental Organisation in NASCO, and the S&TA Director, Paul Knight,
is addressing members concerns about the dramatic and serious decline of the Atlantic Salmon at the
NASCO conference in Reykjavik, Iceland from June 7th-11th.

The Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) propose that NASCO, now twenty years old, and a witness
to a 50% decline in Atlantic salmon numbers during its lifetime, should revisit its original mandate
to control the high sees netting at Greenland and the Faroes, and create a new vision to widen its brief
and include all the diverse issues affecting salmon survival, both in freshwater and the marine environment.
These include aquaculture, pelagic fishing by-catch, industrial fishing, predation and freshwater habitat
degradation and access.

The NGO proposal, NASCO’s Future: a vision statement advances a constructive and dynamic new
vision and 11 point action plan to enable NASCO to more effectively protect wild Atlantic salmon
from further decline. Chris Poupard, a former Director of the S&TA, is one of the four principal
authors, along with Dr. Wilfred Carter of Canada, Dr. Andy Rosenberg of the United States and
Bjornulf Kristiansen of Norway. Download full report

At the conference, the S&TA will also be pushing for continued pressure on the Scottish and Irish Governments
to end the mixed stock salmon fisheries off their coasts. This follows defra’s example of pump-priming the
buy-out of 52 of the 68 North East Coast netsmen in England, which has just been successfully completed.

What is NASCO?

The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation (NASCO) www.nasco.int is comprised of North
Atlantic nations that have Atlantic salmon rivers within their borders or that legally harvest salmon.

Why is NASCO important?

NASCO plays an important role in determining government policy of the member nations, as conservation
policies based on scientific advice are developed and adopted by member nations each year at the conference.

A report of the proceedings of this conference will be published on the website later in the month.

All you’ve ever wanted to know when starting to flyfish

The Salmon & Trout Association – Surrey Branch – launches its “Flyfishing for Trout and Grayling – an introductory handbook”

The Salmon & Trout Association – Surrey Branch – launches its “Flyfishing for Trout and Grayling –
an introductory handbook”. Written and designed by angling experts Sue Parker (STANIC) and Pat O’Reilly
(APGAI), its aim is to help demystify and to assist the beginner (although anglers of many years experience
will also find this extremely useful!).

It covers all essential topics from Safety to Permits, from Flies and Basic Angling Entomology to Knots
and Casting. The text is written in a chatty and informative style that takes the reader right to the
heart of the matter in a few, well-chosen sentences. It is lavishly illustrated with colour photography
and illustrations – all contained in a 32-page, A5 size booklet which makes it ideal for reference.

Comments Paul Knight, S&TA Director, “Too often would-be anglers are dissuaded from taking up this sport
because they simply don’t know where or how to start. Sue and Pat have done a wonderful job in guiding
them through the key issues they need to recognise as well as giving them practical, easy-to-follow pointers
to help get that fly land on the water.”

“Flyfishing for Trout and Grayling – an introductory booklet” by Sue Parker and Pat O’Reilly,
£4.00 inc p & p is available from Mr Bob Meier, Surrey Branch secretary on 01372 457407,
or through the S&TA website.